How well do you know Medical Technologies?
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Let's begin, shall we?
 
Which below is a medical technology?


 
Correct!

Medical technology is any technology used to save lives in individuals suffering from a wide range of conditions. In its many forms, medical technology is already diagnosing, monitoring and treating virtually every disease or condition that affects us. There are more than 500,000 medical technologies currently available and they all share a common purpose: improving, extending and transforming people’s lives. The common thread through all applications of medical technology is the beneficial impact on health, quality of life and society as a whole. Medical technologies all contribute to living longer and better, and empower citizens to contribute to society for longer. In so doing, they improve the quality of care and the efficacy, efficiency and sustainability of healthcare systems.

 
Nope! Both pregnancy tests and hearing aids are considered medical technologies.

Medical technology is any technology used to save lives in individuals suffering from a wide range of conditions. In its many forms, medical technology is already diagnosing, monitoring and treating virtually every disease or condition that affects us. There are more than 500,000 medical technologies currently available and they all share a common purpose: improving, extending and transforming people’s lives. The common thread through all applications of medical technology is the beneficial impact on health, quality of life and society as a whole. Medical technologies all contribute to living longer and better, and empower citizens to contribute to society for longer. In so doing, they improve the quality of care and the efficacy, efficiency and sustainability of healthcare systems.

 
What is the term used to describe tests that can detect diseases, conditions, or infections?


 
Correct!
In vitro diagnostics are tests that can detect diseases, conditions, or infections. Some tests are used in laboratory or other health professional settings and other tests are for consumers to use at home. IVDs are found in virtually every healthcare setting and at every stage of a person’s care. Pregnancy tests, blood glucose monitors, HIV tests, cancer screening and blood type identification tests are all examples of IVDs.

 
Nope! It's IVDs
In vitro diagnostics are tests that can detect diseases, conditions, or infections. Some tests are used in laboratory or other health professional settings and other tests are for consumers to use at home. IVDs are found in virtually every healthcare setting and at every stage of a person’s care. Pregnancy tests, blood glucose monitors, HIV tests, cancer screening and blood type identification tests are all examples of IVDs.

 
Which country has the highest number of people employed in the medical technology sector?





 
Correct!
The European medical technology industry employs more than 650,000 people. Germany had the highest absolute number of people employed in the medical technology sector, while the number of medtech employees per capita is highest in Switzerland and Ireland. This high level of employment shows that the medical technology industry is an important player in the European economy.

 
Wrong! It's Germany
The European medical technology industry employs more than 650,000 people. Germany had the highest absolute number of people employed in the medical technology sector, while the number of medtech employees per capita is highest in Switzerland and Ireland. This high level of employment shows that the medical technology industry is an important player in the European economy.

 
IVDs (in vitro diagnostics) treat patients directly.


 
Nope!
IVDs are non-invasive tests used on biological samples (eg: blood, urine or tissues) to determine the status of a person’s health. IVDs provide valuable information on how the body is functioning. They do not directly treat patients. Their purpose is not to have a direct therapeutic effect, but rather to provide valuable information on a patient’s health status. They are used for diagnosis, screening, assessing predispositions and therapeutic monitoring of diseases. Innovations in IVDs have been a key element in cutting costs in healthcare systems by making treatment more precise and efficient. IVDs have a broad scope, ranging from sophisticated technologies performed in clinical laboratories to simple self-tests, such as those for pregnancy and glucose monitoring.

 
Correct!
IVDs are non-invasive tests used on biological samples (eg: blood, urine or tissues) to determine the status of a person’s health. IVDs provide valuable information on how the body is functioning. They do not directly treat patients. Their purpose is not to have a direct therapeutic effect, but rather to provide valuable information on a patient’s health status. They are used for diagnosis, screening, assessing predispositions and therapeutic monitoring of diseases. Innovations in IVDs have been a key element in cutting costs in healthcare systems by making treatment more precise and efficient. IVDs have a broad scope, ranging from sophisticated technologies performed in clinical laboratories to simple self-tests, such as those for pregnancy and glucose monitoring.

 
The stethoscope was created to avoid physical contact with female patients.


 
Incorrect!
In 1816 Dr Rene Theophile Laennec felt embarrassed placing his ear directly on a woman’s chest, to listen to her heart beat. He decided to roll up paper and make a tube which allowed him to hear her heart, protecting her modesty. Subsequently, a small bell-shaped instrument was created with tubes to allow doctors to listen to the heartbeat and by the mid-19th century, a variation of the stethoscope that we know today, was created.

 
Correct!
In 1816 Dr Rene Theophile Laennec felt embarrassed placing his ear directly on a woman’s chest, to listen to her heart beat. He decided to roll up paper and make a tube which allowed him to hear her heart, protecting her modesty. Subsequently, a small bell-shaped instrument was created with tubes to allow doctors to listen to the heartbeat and by the mid-19th century, a variation of the stethoscope that we know today, was created.

 
Up to how many kilometers would the power of your heart be able to power a truck?


 
Correct!
Each day, your heart beats approximately 100,000 times creating enough energy to drive a truck 32km. However, heart disease is the leading cause of death in Europe, affecting 4 million people each year. When your heart skips a beat, you are at risk of a sudden cardiac arrest. To prevent this, a device can be implanted next to your heart, keeping your heart’s rhythm steady and giving an electrical shock when your rhythm fails. Sometimes even the strongest heart becomes weak, as the valves simply fail. A few years ago, the only way to fix a valve was through open heart surgery. Today, there is a less invasive solution: through a tiny incision, a catheter can travel all the way to your heart. At the end of the journey, the new valve is inflated to replace the faulty valve. When your arteries get narrowed or blocked, the risk of a heart attack or a stroke increases. To prevent this, a small stent can be inserted via a catheter and inflate the artery right where the blockage is.

 
Nope!
Each day, your heart beats approximately 100,000 times creating enough energy to drive a truck 32km. However, heart disease is the leading cause of death in Europe, affecting 4 million people each year. When your heart skips a beat, you are at risk of a sudden cardiac arrest. To prevent this, a device can be implanted next to your heart, keeping your heart’s rhythm steady and giving an electrical shock when your rhythm fails. Sometimes even the strongest heart becomes weak, as the valves simply fail. A few years ago, the only way to fix a valve was through open heart surgery. Today, there is a less invasive solution: through a tiny incision, a catheter can travel all the way to your heart. At the end of the journey, the new valve is inflated to replace the faulty valve. When your arteries get narrowed or blocked, the risk of a heart attack or a stroke increases. To prevent this, a small stent can be inserted via a catheter and inflate the artery right where the blockage is.

 
Which of the following treatments can be done at home nowadays?


 
Correct!
500,000 people across Europe need renal dialysis because of kidney failure. Traditionally, this meant staying in hospital for 3 days a week for 4-5 hours per session. Today, medical technology offers a more flexible solution. Home dialysis gives greater convenience for the patient. 700,000 people across Europe live with a stoma, this is when part of an intestine is removed, and an artificial opening in the abdomen is created instead.

For those affected, this impacts their day-to-day life significantly. But today, new technologies mean people can regain a sense of independence and confidence. Ostomy bags made to be tailor-made, easy-to-use, comfortable and discrete enabling people with stomas to live independent and dignified lives.

 
Nope! It's actually all of them
500,000 people across Europe need renal dialysis because of kidney failure. Traditionally, this meant staying in hospital for 3 days a week for 4-5 hours per session. Today, medical technology offers a more flexible solution. Home dialysis gives greater convenience for the patient. 700,000 people across Europe live with a stoma, this is when part of an intestine is removed, and an artificial opening in the abdomen is created instead.

For those affected, this impacts their day-to-day life significantly. But today, new technologies mean people can regain a sense of independence and confidence. Ostomy bags made to be tailor-made, easy-to-use, comfortable and discrete enabling people with stomas to live independent and dignified lives.

 
Which is the biggest killer? HIV, Tuberculosis, Diabetes, Malaria?


 
Correct!
According to the IDF (International Diabetes Federation), 5.0 million people died from diabetes in 2015. Diabetes is one of the largest global health emergencies of the 21st century. Each year more and more people live with this condition, which can result in life-changing complications. In addition to the 415 million adults who are estimated to currently have diabetes, there are 318 million adults with impaired glucose tolerance, which puts them at high risk of developing the disease in the future.

 
Nope!
According to the IDF (International Diabetes Federation), 5.0 million people died from diabetes in 2015. Diabetes is one of the largest global health emergencies of the 21st century. Each year more and more people live with this condition, which can result in life-changing complications. In addition to the 415 million adults who are estimated to currently have diabetes, there are 318 million adults with impaired glucose tolerance, which puts them at high risk of developing the disease in the future.

 
When were contact lenses invented?


 
Correct!
In 1887 German glassblower F. E. Muller produced the first eye covering to be seen through and tolerated. In 1888, German ophthalmologist Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick constructed and fitted the first successful contact lens. In 1949, the first "corneal" lenses were developed. These were much smaller than the original scleral lenses, as they sat only on the cornea rather than across all of the visible ocular surface, and could be worn up to sixteen hours a day.

Today, intraocular implants can save the eyesight of a person suffering from cataract. The natural lens is replaced by an artificial lens, thus restoring full vision.

Sometimes though, eyesight cannot be saved, because light-sensitive cells in the eyes slowly die. For those people, the only way to keep eye contact with the world is through the bionic eye. Through electrical stimulation of their retina, blind people can see light again.

 
Nope!
In 1887 German glassblower F. E. Muller produced the first eye covering to be seen through and tolerated. In 1888, German ophthalmologist Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick constructed and fitted the first successful contact lens. In 1949, the first "corneal" lenses were developed. These were much smaller than the original scleral lenses, as they sat only on the cornea rather than across all of the visible ocular surface, and could be worn up to sixteen hours a day.

Today, intraocular implants can save the eyesight of a person suffering from cataract. The natural lens is replaced by an artificial lens, thus restoring full vision.

Sometimes though, eyesight cannot be saved, because light-sensitive cells in the eyes slowly die. For those people, the only way to keep eye contact with the world is through the bionic eye. Through electrical stimulation of their retina, blind people can see light again.

 
During our lives, we walk the equivalent of how many times around the earth?


 
Correct!

During our lives we spend 20 years on the move, the equivalent to walking three times around the earth. Considering that the daily average number of steps is 6,900, the average length of a step is 72cm, the average distance walked a day is 5km, and that there are 365 days in a year, the average length walked in a year is 1,823km. Since the average life expectancy is 71 years, then the average length walked in a lifetime is 129,443km. As the circumference of the Earth is 40,075km, then the average person walks around the Earth in his/her life 3.2 times.  

To cover such vast distances we rely on our bodies. Yet after years of use, some parts can wear down or even break. But today, modern hip, joint, knee and even limb replacements can get us going again. Efficient procedures can help people to recover easier and faster.

 
Nope! It's three times.

During our lives we spend 20 years on the move, the equivalent to walking three times around the earth. Considering that the daily average number of steps is 6,900, the average length of a step is 72cm, the average distance walked a day is 5km, and that there are 365 days in a year, the average length walked in a year is 1,823km. Since the average life expectancy is 71 years, then the average length walked in a lifetime is 129,443km. As the circumference of the Earth is 40,075km, then the average person walks around the Earth in his/her life 3.2 times.  

To cover such vast distances we rely on our bodies. Yet after years of use, some parts can wear down or even break. But today, modern hip, joint, knee and even limb replacements can get us going again. Efficient procedures can help people to recover easier and faster.

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